Do Genital Cosmetic Procedures Improve Women’s Self-Esteem? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Print

Gemma Sharp, PhD, Pascale Maynard, BSc, Abdul-Rahman Hudaib, MBBS, Christine A Hamori, MD, FACS, Jayson Oates, FRACS, Jayashri Kulkarni, MBBS, MPM, FRANZCP, PhD, David B Sarwer, PhD

Aesthetic Surgery Journal, Volume 40, Issue 10, October 2020, Pages 1143–1151

Background: The popularity of genital cosmetic procedures in women is increasing. These procedures are often assumed and promoted as having a positive effect on women’s psychological well-being, particularly their self-esteem. Empirical support for these claims is lacking.

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